In spite of the importance of performing fission to produce electricity, its process still results to the production of waste that can be harmful to both human beings and the environment. Watch Stanford professor Mark Jacobson square off with environmentalist Stewart Brand over the pros and cons of nuclear energy. Fission: The Pro's and Con's of Nuclear Power. Despite the importance of nuclear fission to produce energy for electricity, the same process results to the producti… The following are its pros: Nuclear fission has so many benefits to offer to humans. using Atomic-energy. This ‘missing’ mass (about 0.1 percent of the original mass) has been converted into energy according to Einstein’s equation” (Nuclear Fission: Basics) the mass which is converted to energy will come out in huge volumes if the reaction is not controlled properly. An outer space project of producing electricity in the bases on the moon and other planets like Mars is a dream that might just turn into reality in the near future. 2. By Allen Hammond. It can be detrimental to health. Nuclear energy is an energy that is found in atomic nucleus. Even if the use of fuel is essential, its ability to produce massive energy with less fuel consumption makes it safer as opposed to other processes of energy production. Constant exposure to fossil fuels and the energy products made from them can also have a negative impact on personal health. If you’re using nuclear fission, then you’re splitting atoms and that creates the chance of a dangerous chain reaction occurring. With CO2 one of the leading causes of climate change, keeping emission under control will really help preserve the environment. Easier to control or stop than fission Nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei) Little or no nuclear waste. The process of nuclear fission emits radiation that is harmful to human beings and can cause anemia and different types of cancers. Nuclear Power: Cons. It can be detrimental to health. Advertisement . Ridiculously large. The fact that nuclear energy doesn’t burn fossil fuels means it has no greenhouse gas emissions. (Palliser, 2012, p.14) Fission takes place in the plants nuclear reactor. It is harmful to the environment by way of waste disposal. Nuclear Fission (Nuclear Fission: Basics) The sum of these fragments ‘ masses is smaller than the original mass. Nuclear fission can be used by people as a powerful weapon to kill many individuals in an instant. This is critical to sustain life on earth. And with the accumulation of nuclear waste without proper disposal sites, government agencies will have to look for locations to dump these product wastes. PROS: +You can’t beat the energy density. It is because nuclear fission can be easily burned unlike fossil fuels. It is also known as nuclear technology. This makes nuclear fission less expensive and the maintenance and operation costs of the nuclear power plant lower. Nuclear power has been a great advance in the field of electrical production in the last fifty years, with it’s clean, efficient and cheap production, it has gained a large share of the world’s power supply. Nuclear fission is a reliable source power that can be converted into electricity. Science 13 Oct 1972: Vol. 1. Without this process, nuclear reactors will not be able to serve their purpose. Other countries can use this energy to create massive weapons capable of intense damage. In terms of the burden to economy, disasters in nuclear plants are far more expensive to address because it entails closing the plant and relocating the people who might be affected. It is an important nuclear reaction. This is why protective gear is required for people working in nuclear plants. 1 Plus, it emits no greenhouse gas emissions when creating electricity, unlike … It is a safe source of energy compared to the process of burning a coal which is harmful to the respiratory system of humans. Moreover, people who are constantly exposed to radiation are prone to be stricken with cancer. Nuclear fission has so many benefits to offer to humans. Hazardous Wastes The nuclear fission process produces wastes that are utilized in making bombs. It releases energy for two to three years. Another element of neutral fission that makes it advantageous is its fuel requirement in the form of Uranium. One of the prominent cons of the nuclear plant is the radioactive waste that plant produces. After we bombard the nucleus into two parts, two different elements are formed along with the emission of high energy. Moreover, people who are constantly exposed to radiation are prone to be stricken with cancer. 12 Primary Pros and Cons of a Mixed Economy, 301 Great Pyrenees Dog Names for a Female or Male Puppy, 500 Cutest Yorkie Names for a Girl or Boy Puppy Dog, Golden Pyrenees Guide: 26 Facts About the Great Pyrenees Golden Retriever Mix, German Shepherd Great Pyrenees Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know About the Germanees, German Shepherd Akita Corgi Mix: 26 Things Every Owner Should Know, Chihuahua German Shepherd Mix Guide: 25 Things to Know About a Chihuahua Shepherd, Alaskan Shepherd Guide: 29 Things Every Owner Should Know, Blue Heeler German Shepherd Mix: 26 Things Every Owner Should Know, German Shepherd Chow Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know Before Getting One, Bulldog Shih Tzu Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know About a Shitzu Bulldog. Air pollution is worsened by the presence hazardous gases and chemicals in the atmosphere and this process does not emit greenhouse gases. The atoms in the nucleus are subdivided into neutrons and protons. An uncontrolled fission reaction is the basis of an atomic bomb. 3. It can generate large amounts of electricity that can be used by human beings in several kinds of industries. Environment-Friendly Energy Source. Nuclear fission requires complicated security and safety features to be useful. In July 2017, underwater robots found melted nuclear fuel, up to 3 feet thick, underneath the core inside the primary containment vessel at their Unit 3 reactor. It is the energy that is stored in the center or nucleus of an atom. Cons Of Nuclear Fusion There are some downsides related to nuclear fusion, some of them being created by the high prices of the technology and the others by the extreme temperatures required to perform the nuclear fusion reaction. Core remains radioactive for only 100 years. This is what is known as global warming. What Are the Cons of Nuclear Fission Energy? Nuclear fission a very dangerous weapon that can create fear in the eyes of many people. To create a similar level of energy, combustible materials would need to be consumed at a very rapid pace. What happens during nuclear fission and what a nuclear chain reaction is. Cons of Nuclear Fission. 3. In heavy elements, fission is an exothermic reaction that can produce nuclear power energy and cause explosion of nuclear weapons. Nuclear fission generates energy without the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. Russia and other states have long utilized fission reactions to power reconnaissance satellites, weather monitoring craft and other scientific instruments. Forbes reports that if China is included in these figures, the safety rate for nuclear fission, when compared with coal, is 20,000 times safer. Its supply is unlimited even in the middle of disasters. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor cause this phenomenon. In this article, the pros and cons of nuclear fission will be discussed to explain the main advantages and disadvantages of its existence. 1. Some nuclear power plants use uranium atoms. 1. A process which generally follows is called fission. Since there is ample supply of this element is available, the demand will be met accordingly with less expense. It is dangerous. Our sun is also working on the principle of the nuclear fusion process. Radioactive decay produces high-energy radiation that can damage your body and body tissue. This is why so many safeguards—e.g. This atomic collision also releases more neutrons.These neutrons collide with other uranium atoms, and the process repeats itself over and over again. Other nations may exploit its purposes in dominating the other nations due its capability to make a huge explosion. Nuclear fission produces radiation that can also kill many people through several kinds of diseases. List of the Disadvantages of Nuclear Fission 1. List of Cons of Fission. High Construction Cost While the application of this alternative energy source is affordable, building a nuclear power plant can take billions of dollars due to the complexity of the radiation containment systems and procedures. There have been recorded accidents that occurred in nuclear power plants resulted to deaths. It can lead to accidents that can be both deadly and costly. A nuclear fusion reaction releases much more energy than nuclear fission. Also, by-product particles such as photons in the form of gamma rays, free neutrons as well as alpha and beta particles are formed. There is a reason that nuclear plant personnel must wear protective clothing: radiation. (Nuclear Energy) Fission happens when uranium atoms are showered with neutrons and split releasing energy that is used to make steam. Nuclear fission is 200 times safer than coal energy, 5 times safer than rooftop solar energy, and even 1.5 times safer than wind energy. Not only is nuclear fusion easy to control, it’s much safer than almost any other major form of energy creation that is used in the world today. Nuclear fusion, nuclear decay, and nuclear fission. Nuclear Fusion in Our Backyard The California Academy of Science's Science News team brings you this short video about how scientists at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory are experimenting with nuclear fusion as a future energy source. It can open an opportunity for terrorists to build weapons. This is why protective gear is required for people working in nuclear plants. List of Pros of Fission. The primary fear that most people have when contemplating nuclear fission is the fact that an uncontrolled nuclear reaction in a reactor could result in widespread contamination. To accomplish this, nuclear fission will be used. 1. Other nations may exploit its purposes in dominating the other nations due its capability to make a huge explosion. This creates a radiation-exposure event that can be dangerous to human … It can harm the environment in a way that it disposes waste. When nuclear energy is present in explosive weapons, its effects are known as nuclear fission. These are split when hit by a neutron, releasing heat and radiation. 1. The greenhouse effect is a natural process responsible to keep the earth warm. However, it can be harmful because of its dangerous cons : © 2021 HealthResearchFunding.org - Privacy Policy, 14 Hysterectomy for Fibroids Pros and Cons, 12 Pros and Cons of the Da Vinci Robotic Surgery, 14 Pros and Cons of the Cataract Surgery Multifocal Lens, 11 Pros and Cons of Monovision Cataract Surgery. All mass is made up of tiny atoms. Nuclear fission a very dangerous weapon that can create … It does not release air pollutants. The safety measures utilized inside the plants can be also be costly. Most nuclear reactors work by using a reaction known as nuclear fission. Since the days of Franklin and his kite flying experiments, electricity has been a topic of interest for many people and nations. 4. What is nuclear energy? Nuclear Energy a. Fission & Fusion b. Half-life & Radioactive Decay c. Advantages & Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy 4. Considering the accumulation of nuclear waste it can produce without proper disposal sites, there will be a need to find locations to dispose … The Cons 2. 3. When it comes to nuclear reactions, nuclear fission is also in the middle of contentions. The Disadvantages of Nuclear Fission. Fission doesn’t generate smog and other forms of toxins into the … Nuclear fission is good if people use it properly. And while the non-renewable energy released is said to be carbon-free, environmentalists and energy experts have long been debating if this type of energy brings more harm than good to the environment and the people. Spent fuel can be reprocessed into plutonium, the ingredient to make atomic bombs and other weapons that can cause havoc and disaster on a global scale. Herein lies the problem with nuclear fission. The important nuclear fuels that make the process possible are Uranium and Plutonium. 1. The nuclear fuel, once used in the reactor gives off energy that will last for years while in the case of fossil fuels, there is a need for several refills over a period of time. However, too much emission of these gases from irresponsible human activities and carbon dioxide released in the air from burning fossil fuels, among others, make the earth warmer more than it should be. Using Fission as a source of energy: Pros: It works for extended periods of time A Nuclear Fission reaction that is well-controlled can continue to produce energy for 24-36 months. The process of nuclear fission emits radiation that is harmful to human beings and can cause anemia and different types of cancers. About 13% of the world’s electricity comes from nuclear power and more than 30 countries in the world, including the United States, Russia, India and China, among others, have been relying on the efficiency of nuclear energy, resulting from the process known as nuclear fission. SPS4. Coal-fired power plants release unhealthy chemicals into the air that contains sulfur dioxide, mercury, particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and other harmful chemicals. Although when it comes to the number of casualties, accidents resulting from other sources are higher. See all Hide authors and affiliations. Scientific studies have proven in the past that this kind of energy can be used as a powerful military weapon. Despite the importance of nuclear fission to produce energy for electricity, the same process results to the production of waste materials that are equally harmful to both the people and the environment. Moreover, the ability of Uranium to break down easily and the process faster does not require much energy consumption in burning unlike in fossil fuels. Article ; Info & Metrics; eLetters; PDF; This is a PDF-only article. Nuclear fission provides a source of energy that is free from heat-generating carbon dioxide (CO2). The process of nuclear fission was first discovered in 1938; however, it wasn’t fully explained until a year later. How nuclear fission can be used to produce energy and the pros and cons of using that energy. Radioactive contamination is lethal to living organisms. The destruction that it can cause is devastating. Nuclear fission, however, can also be used in weapons. Examples include Chernobyl and the Fukushima power plant crisis in 2011. This is probably the most popular advantage of this type of nuclear reaction. Nuclear fission is safe for people when its promoters are using it properly. However, it can be harmful because of its dangerous cons : Nuclear fission can be used by people as a powerful weapon to kill many individuals in an instant. In order for nuclear energy to be harnessed, the nucleus of an atom is split into two different lighter elements, making it a form of elemental transmutation. Nuclear fission is a highly efficient form of energy production. Some information that has to do with nuclear energy: Nuclear energy is a rare form of energy. Nuclear energy is a very dangerous weapon that can kill hundreds or even thousands of people in an instant with the use of its radiation and the huge explosion that it can create. Many countries consider it as the most reliable source of electricity. In small quantities, radiation isn’t harmful—but radioactive waste from nuclear energy production is incredibly dangerous. Radiation is unnoticeable and people should wear the appropriate protective attire for it in the locations where it is present like nuclear plants. 4. Harmful Nucl… Accidents that happen at plants are unbelievable rare and almost never happen, but they still do. Nuclear fission is considered a vital form of nuclear reaction because the process results to energy release that gives electricity to homes, schools, industries and the community. 178, Issue 4057, pp. When it comes to heat and electricity production, however, nuclear reactors or power plants are responsible in controlling nuclear fission. Nuclear fission requires high energy or a large mass of heavy, radioactive elements. 6. Here, neutrons are fired at atoms, splitting them into smaller versions of themselves. For an objective analysis, here are some points about the advantages and disadvantages of this natural reaction. This process releases large amounts of energy without the need to burn any fossil fuels. But the generation of energy from the fusion process is challenging. Radioactive decay serves as the most effective way to release it instantly. It can play a major role in astronomy. Because nuclear fission is made up partly from radioactive materials, it can be concentrated into lethal amounts that has the ability to wipe out large areas of people easily. 1. Radioactive waste is the source of harmful radioactive radiation. In the meantime, this waste is hazardous to human health, so it must be stored in some way. In fact, nuclear fission is so powerful that just 10 grams of uranium (the nuclear fuel) is the energy equivalent of one ton of coal, 149 gallons of oil, or 17,000 cubic feet of natural gas. With the innovation of fission technology and by building a nuclear reactor in outer space, providing electric power for the astronauts in space can be possible. 2. 8. The continual use of this energy as a replacement for fossil fuels can help people in protecting the ozone layer. Power plants use the process of nuclear fission—the splitting of the atom—to create energy. Leaders of the countries using nuclear energy should take in consideration these factors and work on mitigating the bad effects if they decide to continue to adopt this process. It does not require expensive energy fuels. The average nuclear power plant that has continual operational capacities can generate 20 metric tons of waste that is radioactive. There is No Certainty That the Nuclear Fusion Reaction Will Ever Be Commercially Viable These wastes put the safety of people and communities surrounding the plants at risk. In fact, these countries are now focusing on the development of more nuclear reactors by the year 2020 to generate more energy. 1. 5. The rest of the mass is distributed in a cloud of electrons that floats around the nucleus. Whereas nuclear energy doesn’t impact the air quality of the environment. Nuclear reactors produce zero carbon dioxide … 2. Testing shows that it takes over 10,000 years for this waste to naturally decay. It is harmful to the environment by way of waste disposal. 2. With the list of the pros and cons of nuclear fission mentioned above, it is safe to say that the use of this process in generating electricity has its upside and downside. It generates a lot of waste. 3. Most atoms are located in the nucleus (or center) of mass. Tragic events such as Chernobyl and Fukushima show us just how dangerous the process of nuclear fission can be. Atomic-energy or higher referred to as Nuclear-energy is the energy inside of the nucleus of an atom. 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