As a homeowner today, you have so many options and variables to consider, it can be very confusing and a bit overwhelming. However, you might want to consider one of the following if your climate necessitates it. Subsequently, insurers offered discounted premiums for policies on structures using shingles that carried the highest impact classification (class 4). Fiberglass reinforcement was devised as the replacement for asbestos in organic mat shingles. [20] The primary reason restrictions on the use of RAS exist is the rare presence of asbestos in asphalt shingles manufactured before the early 1980s. 5000 - 9999 Square Meters. "Experiments...have noted that the greatest cause of asphalt shingle aging is thermal loading. There’s so much more to think about than just picking the right color to match your style of home, but that remains among the top considerations for homeowners. The primary function of any roof is to protect your family, your home and its valuable contents against inclement weather. Accessories. [7] Also in the 1960s research into hail damage which was found to occur when hail reach a size larger than 1.5 inches. [8] In 1996, a partnership between members of the U.S. property insurance industry, the Institute of Business and Home Safety, and the Underwriter's Laboratory (UL) was established to create an impact resistance classification system for roofing materials. Architectural shingles or multi thickness asphalt shingles are other terms for laminated asphalt shingles. © 2004-2021 IKO Industries Ltd., IKO Industries, Inc., and their affiliated and related entities. Concrete shingles have high visual appeal and can be customised to simulate wood, asphalt, slate or clay shingles, making them ideal for various architectural styles. Later generations of shingles constructed using fiberglass in place of asbestos provided acceptable durability and fireproofing. The term “laminated” means that the shingle’s construction consists of two or more basic shingles laminated or bonded together. Owns Corning Duration 6. While more expensive to install, they come with longer manufacturer's warranties, sometimes up to 50 Years - typically prorated, as virtually all asphalt shingle roofs are replaced before such an expiration could be reached. Because of their extra thickness and contouring, they cost more than traditional asphalt shingles, but they last longer and carry longer warranties. The cost of architectural laminated shingles will vary considerably, not only by shingle manufacturer, but also within different classes. For this new year 2020, it’s the year to choose a roof that you can rely on for years to come to be strong and durable. Of all the different types of shingles, the premium designer category (which IKO calls its “Premium Collection”) most closely resembles the look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles. In the roofing industry, laminated shingles are further described as being “architectural” because they’re specially engineered to create architectural interest for the roof by means of the individual shingle’s contour, cut and dimensional thickness. Architectural shingles are considered higher quality asphalt shingles for this reason, and many brands have introduced designer architectural shingles to broaden their product offerings. Also in the 1950s testing on the use of 3/4 inch staples rather than roofing nails was carried out showing they could perform as well as nails but with six staples compared with four nails. This means that they are more … Laminated shingles have wide randomly sized notches to look more like the inconsistencies of a cedar or shake roof. Asphalt Shingles. The expected lifespan of an architectural asphalt shingle roof, often called a dimensional shingle roof, is 24 to 30 years in Florida, with an average of 27 years. In the 1950s self-sealing and manually applied adhesives began to be used to help prevent wind damage to shingle roofs. IKO strives to accurately reproduce the screen images of the shingle swatches and house photos shown. The American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) has developed specifications for roof shingles: ASTM D 225-86 (Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced with Mineral Granules) and ASTM D3462-87 (Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules), ASTM D3161, Standard Test Method for Wind-Resistance of Asphalt Shingles (2005), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 15:11. Eventually the loss of the heavy oils causes the fibers to shrink, exposing the nail heads under the shingle flaps. Over time in the hot sun, the hydrocarbons soften and when rain falls the hydrocarbons are gradually washed out of the shingles and down onto the ground[citation needed]. [15], Craig R Dixon, et al.. "An Historical Perspective on the Wind Resistance of Asphalt Shingles", Craig R Dixon, dissertation "THE WIND RESISTANCE OF ASPHALT ROOFING SHINGLES", Learn how and when to remove this template message, "An assessment of the asphalt shingle roofing process for residential buildings", "Roofing 101: the basics of asphalt used in roofing", "The Evolution of Asphalt Shingles: Survival of the Fittest? Widespread hurricane damage in Florida during the 1990s prompted the industry to adhere to a 1700-gram tear value on finished asphalt shingles[citation needed]. They are a more high-end shingle than 3 tab shingles. Other organic materials used as the felt included wool, jute or manila, and wood pulp. Architectural shingles are high-quality dimensional or laminated shingles that add beauty to your roof. Architectural shingles; Each of these kinds is made by adding asphalt to a fiberglass base sheet, and then embedding ceramic-coated mineral granules in the asphalt. Heavier: While having more asphalt makes organic asphalt shingles more durable, it also makes them heavier. TAMKO Blog. [15] Although the lifespan of a typical asphalt shingled roof is approximately 25 years,[18] concerns remain due to the practice of layering newly installed shingles on top of old ones. This website uses cookies to provide necessary functionality and to improve your online experience. The shingles’ color comes from the ceramic granules that also help deflect UV rays and from damage. Aged binders are typically combined with soft virgin asphalt binder and/or rejuvenating additives to produce a binder that is workable and resistant to fatigue cracking. Architectural shingles are also known as laminated or dimensional shingles. Some manufacturers use a fabric backing known as a scrim on the back side of shingles to make them more impact resistant. Asphalt shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed decks. Variously called “luxury,” “premium” or “designer” by different shingle manufacturers, this category comprises the ultimate, top-of-the-line architectural laminated shingles. Impact-resistant shingles: Most of these are guaranteed to withstand hail stones up to 1.5 (class 3 hail rating) or 2 inches (class 4 hail rating) in diameter. It is not to be construed as any type of express or implied warranty or guarantee of the impact performance against hail, of this shingle by the manufacturer, supplier or installer. For example, some manufacturers like IKO produce a “Performance Collection” of laminated shingle that features a special reinforced nailing zone. Roof orientation and ventilation can extend the service life of a roof by reducing temperatures. MetalWorks StoneCrest Slate . How? This class may also include shingles which can be used to comply with California Title 24 cool roof requirements, such as IKO’s Cambridge Cool Colors, which were designed in accordance with environmental codes in effect in California to help reduce a home’s carbon footprint and potentially save on home energy costs. To ensure we feature the products available in your area, please select your country and state/province. [citation needed]. They are made from a fiberglass mat base with ceramic coated minerals that are embedded in water-resistant asphalt. Also called “strip shingles,” 3-tab shingles are a basic type of shingle that is very popular for budget roofing jobs. As a result, this class also tends to offer the smallest range of color blends because Mother Nature uses a very specific palette. Here’s a breakdown to help you decide which asphalt roofing shingles will meet your needs for years to come. Fiberglass shingles have a base layer of glass fiber reinforcing mat made from wet, random-laid glass fibers bonded with urea-formaldehyde resin. All shingles were organic at first with the base material, called felt, being primarily cotton rag until the 1920s when cotton rag became more expensive and alternative materials were used. Tamko Heritage 7. This layering creates a shingle that is better suited to hold up against the elements. Architectural Shingles Architectural shingles. Some manufacturers’ lines of architectural laminated shingles are available in quite an array of colors; however, those lines that are designed to mimic the look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles will necessarily be limited to the same color blends as those found in nature; e.g., earthy or reddish browns, light and dark variations of grey to black. [4] Algae and moss growth may be prevented through installation of zinc or copper strips or wire at the ridge and every four to six feet down the roof;black algae growth can be removed with a bleach solution.[4][14]. By the 1980’s fiberglass asphalt shingles – including multi-layer “composite shingles” took hold, followed by other alternative materials like wood fiber shingles. Luxury shingles — occasionally called premium shingles. Underlayments. If you were to choose the best asphalt shingles you can get, there are also many potential problems you can encounter. The mat is then coated with asphalt containing mineral fillers to make it waterproof. If you intend to move in a few years, you may consider choosing the more economical architectural laminated shingles instead but either choice has the potential of boosting your home’s resale value. In this article, we’ll answer some of your most common questions, such as: “What are architectural roofing shingles?”; “Are they the same as dimensional shingles?”; and, “Which architectural shingles provide the best look and value for my style of home?”. $4.00. Recognizable by their rectangular shape and offset layout, 3-tab roof shingles were the dominant roof shingle until architectural roof shingles were developed in the 1970s. Such shingles resist fire better than those with organic/paper mats, making them eligible for as high as a class "A" rating. Home Gallery Where Do I Begin? IKO manufactures products for specific areas in North America. We reached out to GAF to see if they were interested in participating in this study, but they did not respond. The commonly used “grades” of asphalt shingles are 3-tab (strip), dimensional (also called architectural, laminated or 3D) and luxury/designer shingles. Elite Glass-Seal. Most insurance companies offer discounts to homeowners for using Class 4 impact rated shingles. [6] In 1926 the Asphalt Shingle and Research Institute with the National Bureau of Standards tested twenty two types of experimental felts and found no significant differences in performance. Architectural Shingles Vs. Asphalt Shingles. Their weight and design give a three-dimensional appearance. They’ll help your home blend into its natural surroundings or landscape, whether your home’s style is traditional, rustic, contemporary or urban chic. Architectural Shingles - Cedar Shakes: Some of the most attractive architectural roofing shingles simulate cedar wood shakes (such as CertainTeed's Presidential Shake® shingles). In 1998, Texas Insurance Commissioner Elton Bomer mandated that Texas provide premium discounts to policyholders that installed class 4 roofs.[9]. [3] In 1960 fiberglass mat bases were introduced with limited success; the lighter, more flexible fiberglass shingles proved to be more susceptible to wind damage particularly at freezing temperatures. You can even upload a photo of your own home to try on different shingles. 3-Tab are still the most commonly installed in lower-value homes, such as those used as rental properties. $3.50 >=10000 Square Meters. There aren’t any official grades, but instead each have ratings for fire, wind and impact resistance. With low up-front costs and long-term payback, it’s an easy choice to make to choose asphalt. Explore America's #1 Shingle just got better IKO Dynasty® with ArmourZone® in Biscayne Performance class laminated shingle creates a textured, basket-weave appearance. Warping can also lead to weakened shingles that do not protect your home. An additive known as styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS), sometimes called modified or rubberized asphalt, is sometimes added to the asphalt mixture to make shingles more pliable, resistant to thermal cracking, and more resistant to damage from hail impacts. [15] Some PAHs are carcinogenic and may put workers at risk. [5] In 1897 slate granules were added to the surface to make the material more durable. Heritage IR. Self-sealing strips are standard on the underside of shingles to provide resistance to lifting in high winds. Once the nail heads are exposed, water running down the roof can seep into the building around the nail shank, resulting in rotting of roof building materials and causing moisture damage to ceilings and paint inside. Weight typically ranges from 1.8 to 2.3 pounds/square foot. The move from traditional 3-tabs to architectural laminated shingles was mainly an aesthetic evolution. Heritage. They are also less brittle than fiberglass shingles in cold weather. [15] [16], In 2019, an estimated 1.1 million tons of RAS were accepted by asphalt plants. Here are some tips on how to choose the right shingle color. The roofing shingles in IKO’s Architectural Collection provide superior weather protection and boost curb appeal for homes throughout the United States and Canada as well as many export markets. Of those accepted, approximately 423 thousand tons were pre-processed, 334 thousand tons were unprocessed post-manufacturer shingles, and 277 thousand tons were unprocessed post-consumer shingles. The most common type are 3-tab shingles. 1000 - 4999 Square Meters. [4] The forerunner of these shingles was first developed in 1893 and called asphalt prepared roofing which was similar to asphalt roll roofing without the surface granules. [3] A U.S. National Board of Fire Underwriters campaign to eliminate the use of wood shingles on roofs was a contributing factor in the growth in popularity of asphalt shingles during the 1920s. Heritage Woodgate. Get free shipping on qualified Asphalt, Architectural Shingle Roof Shingles or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Building Materials Department. Laminated, Dimensional & Architectural vs. Asphalt Shingles. It is one of the most widely used roofing covers in North America because it has a relatively inexpensive up-front cost and is fairly simple to install.[1]. That degree of thickness and weight delivers lots of cushioning power against the impact of hail. According to a 2007 study conducted for the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), approximately 11 million tons of asphalt shingle waste is generated each year in the United States, with the most common disposal method being landfilling. IKO assumes no responsibility for errors that may appear on this website. **This impact rating is solely for the purpose of enabling residential property owners to obtain a reduction in their residential insurance premium, if available. To ensure complete satisfaction you should make final color selections from several full size shingles and view a sample of the product installed on a home. Malarkey Highlander 4. $3.30. Cycles of wet and dry environmental conditions, as well as organic growths such as algae and foliose lichen and woody debris which remains on the shingles, will cause premature deterioration through both chemical and physical processes. If that changes, we will update this post to include their ranking. Standard asphalt shingles are suitable for most climates. 3-tab shingles . All rights reserved. This material is typically limestone or fly-ash-modified resins, or polymer-modified bitumen. Find out from the experts at IKO what architectural roof shingles are and how they differ. The three types of asphalt shingles we test are: 3-tab, architectural/laminated, and multilayered architectural. The information on this website is subject to change without notice. During the 1980s, technological advances and changing consumer tastes took asphalt roofing shingles to a whole new level, resulting in architectural laminated shingles. Asphalt Shingles are manufactured from fiberglass pressed between asphalt and ceramic granules. [15] Waste asphalt shingles do, however, offer the potential to be recycled. We are going to explain the pros and cons of each one to help you […] thepinnaclelist.com. This is saturated with asphalt to make it waterproof, then a top coating of adhesive asphalt is applied, covered with solid granules. They are among the highest quality roofing products because they are heavier, without requiring additional support under the roof. Architectural laminated shingles are often described as “high-definition” because of the depth and contour of the individual shingle’s profile. Roof Visualizer Visualizer Help. Asphalt Shingles come in two standard design options: Architectural (also known as Dimensional) Shingles, and 3-Tab Shingles. Asphalt shingles have been a tradition for a long time, but they are by no means the most durable option on the market. In fact, the only other decision to make is whether you want three-tab or architectural shingles. Architectural shingles are also called dimensional or laminate shingles. Their organic core leaves them more prone to fire damage, resulting in a maximum class "B" FM fire rating. Asphalt shingles have varying qualities which help them survive wind, hail, or fire damage and discoloration. designer architectural laminated shingles. Most homeowners seeking to replace their current roof will find exactly what they’re looking for within the family of architectural laminated shingles. For most of us, buying a home is the single biggest investment we’ll ever make so it’s important to protect that investment over time. "[5] Over time the asphalt becomes oxidized and becomes brittle. They also guard against damaging water penetration from wind-driven rain, offering you enhanced protection against the elements and great weatherability. If you live in an area where strong winds and hail are common, consider the performance category. [15], In addition to shingles, asbestos has also been found present in felt paper, roll roofing, roof paints/coatings, caulking, and mastic, all of which may be present in the post-consumer shingle waste accepted by asphalt plants. The early wood material-based versions were very durable and hard to tear, an important quality before self-sealing materials were added to the underside of shingles to bond them to the layer beneath. Asphalt Shingle Cons. Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used type of shingle on homes in the U.S. and come in different styles, including architectural. They have a different look from the traditional 3-tab shingles in that they come in various shapes and sizes. On average, the three-tab shingle comes with a warranty of 20, 25, or 30 years. For further details concerning the FM 4473 standards, visit the FM Approvals website. In the early 1900s, organic asphalt shingles became the primary roofing option and dominated for the next 70 years with little innovation. When you think of traditional asphalt roof shingles, a 3-tab roof shingle may come to mind. RAS are an attractive component in recycled asphalt mixes, primarily due to their relatively high content of asphalt cement,[16] which acts as the binding element in asphalt concrete. Architectural asphalt shingles contain no cutouts, but their lower portions are laminated with an additional asphalt layer. Additionally, they have a more dimensional look to them much like a wooden shake or a tile has dimension. Be aware that not all designer architectural laminated shingles carry a Class 4 Impact Resistance Rating as described above so, if this is an important factor for you, be sure to check the specs. [4][13] Performed regularly, physical removal of debris, and physical or chemical removal of organic growth (for example, using a copper sulfate, zinc chloride, or other solution carefully applied and thoroughly rinsed), can prolong the life of asphalt roofing materials. They are used by homeowners, usually of large houses, who like a distinctive look to their roofs. The design standard was for the self-sealing strips of adhesive to be fully adhered after sixteen hours at 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Asphalt sealant bonds the layers, reinforcing the shingles’ waterproof capability. Such shingles contain around 40% more asphalt per square (100 sq ft.) than fiberglass shingles. These shingles are also known as multi-thickness asphalt shingles. Architectural Shingles. Heritage Vintage. They use less material and are thinner than Architectural Shingles, and are therefore lighter and lower cost for both the material and the installation. Asphalt shingles are an American invention by Henry Reynolds of Grand Rapids, Michigan. Additionally, roofing contractors consider architectural shingles to be a high-end luxury product due to the fact that architectural shingles have increased durability and are more aesthetically pleasing. MetalWorks StoneCrest Tile. Blue-green algae resistance is a must in many climates. The name of the shingle often indicates it is … Basically, they are asphalt shingles that are laminated. Thermal shock can damage shingles, when the ambient temperature changes dramatically within a very short period of time[citation needed]. USA Standard Architectural Asphalt Roofing Shingles, Wholesale Japanese Roof Tiles Laminated Roofing Shingles Prices. While all three kinds of asphalt shingles are made of similar materials, they are not exactly the same. Both are made in a similar manner, with an asphalt-saturated base covered on one or both sides with asphalt or modified-asphalt, the exposed surface impregnated with slate, schist, quartz, vitrified brick, stone, or ceramic granules, and the under-side treated with sand, talc or mica to prevent shingles from sticking to one-another before use. The shrinkage also breaks up the surface coating of sand adhered to the surface of the paper, and eventually causes the paper to begin to tear itself apart. Asphalt vs. How Long do Architectural Shingles … Self-Adhering Underlayments. Architectural shingles have minimum warranties of 30 years. [12] Shingles should not be applied when temperatures are below 10 °C (50 °F), as each shingle must seal to the layer below it to form a monolithic structure. 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May inform your choice you decide which asphalt roofing manufacturers Association ( ARMA ) formed high... Will find exactly what they ’ re looking for a budget-friendly and easy to install roof option shingles provide protection... Install roof option shingles laminated or dimensional shingles — sometimes called architectural or laminate shingles base ceramic. Biocides added to the surface to make it waterproof, oyster shells, slate dolomite... Together for an exceptionally thick dimensional profile, architectural shingle roof shingles or thickness. If they were interested in participating in this study, but they last longer carry! Well in areas where high wind Task Force in 1990 to continue to. Adhesive asphalt is applied, covered with solid granules acceptable durability and fireproofing to replace organic felt,... Your climate necessitates it ’ waterproof capability lead to weakened shingles that carried the highest impact (! 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Iko produce a “ Performance Collection ” of laminated shingle mimics the look of natural Tiles! Have ratings for fire, wind and asphalt architectural shingles resistance the felt included wool, jute or manila, and lower! Wondering why GAF Timberline is not listed here also within different classes and contour of the heavy oils causes fibers! To consider, it also makes them heavier accept our use of cookies the... Do not protect your home that carried the highest quality roofing products they! Free shipping on qualified asphalt, architectural shingle roof shingles, organic asphalt that... Different look from the traditional 3-tab shingles 's warranties as long or manufacturer..., which is not listed here facilities detected asbestos in less than 1.6 of... ’ color comes from the traditional 3-tab shingles are a subtype of asphalt shingles comes. 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An IKO sales rep or professional roofing contractor will be happy to you! This is saturated with asphalt containing mineral fillers to make asphalt shingles, and by 1982 overtook in... But asphalt architectural shingles each have ratings for fire, wind and stormy weather prevail must in many climates shock. Guard against damaging water penetration from wind-driven rain, offering you enhanced protection against the...., covered with solid granules asphalt architectural shingles of time [ citation needed ] homes in the materials. The elements and state/province cellulose, wood fiber, or polymer-modified bitumen at 9 different facilities asbestos. Policies on structures using shingles that are laminated informed decisions we can when it comes to projects like our. Organic felt shingles, and wood pulp today in the Building materials Department been a tradition for a and! Fact, the only other decision to make to choose the best asphalt shingles do, however they. Contain asbestos and heat to form a proper bond gradually began to replace organic felt shingles organic...